I recently posted a meme that was supposedly a quote from Winston Churchill regarding "fascism." My friend, Keith Lawrence, pointed out that normally fascism is thought of as being related to "the right," not "the left." So, I took that meme down until I had a chance to research it.

While I could not find where Winston Churchill ever referred to "fascism" as being associated with "the left," I did find some interesting quotes from him and also some interesting "definition" of "fascism."

"A state of society where men may not speak their minds cannot long endure." Winston Churchill (From Brainy Quotes dot com) This sounds like "the left" in America today with the burning of country out of INtolerance in the name of "tolerance." Up is Down in action.

Definitions of fascism

Scientific theories about the historical phenomenon of fascism

What constitutes a definition of fascism and fascist governments is a highly disputed subject that has proved complicated and contentious. Historians, political scientists, and other scholars have engaged in long and furious debates concerning the exact nature of fascism and its core tenets.

A significant number of scholars agree that a "fascist regime" is foremost an authoritarian form of government, although not all authoritarian regimes are fascist. Authoritarianism is thus a defining characteristic, but most scholars will say that more distinguishing traits are needed to make an authoritarian regime fascist.[1]

Similarly, fascism as an ideology is also hard to define. Originally, "fascism" referred to a political movement that was linked with corporatism and existed in Italy from 1922 to 1943 under the leadership of Benito Mussolini. Many scholars use the word "fascism" without capitalization in a more general sense, to refer to an ideology (or group of ideologies) that was influential in many countries at many different times. For this purpose, they have sought to identify what Griffin calls a "fascist minimum"—that is, the minimum conditions that a certain political movement must meet in order to be considered "fascist".[2]

Several scholars have inspected the apocalyptic, millennial and millenarian aspects of fascism.[3][4][5][6][7][8][9] According to most scholars of fascism, there are both left and right influences on fascism as a social movement, and fascism, especially once in power, has historically attacked communism, conservatism and liberalism.


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