The following was shared by a friend of mine named David R Wickendon via FB. I have presented it here with his permission.

A few days ago when I asked what was the evidence that Scripture was inspired, a number of you answered that its historical reliability suggests inspiration. Courtesy of Biblical Archeological Review, here is a list of 50 OT characters whose existence archeology has confirmed. This doesn’t prove inspiration, but it does suggest reliability. (Note that I have offered 1 reference to each character, in many cases there are more.)

Egypt

1 Shishak ( = Shoshenq I) pharaoh 945–924 1 Kings 11:40
2 So ( = Osorkon IV) pharaoh 730–715 2 Kings 17:4
3 Tirhakah ( = Taharqa) pharaoh 690–664 2 Kings 19:9
4 Necho II ( = Neco II) pharaoh 610–595 2 Chronicles 35:20
5 Hophra ( = Apries) pharaoh 589–570 Jeremiah 44:30

Moab

6 Mesha king early to mid-ninth century 2 Kings 3:4–27

Aram-Damascus
7 Hadadezer king early ninth century to 844/842 1 Kings 11:23
8 Ben-hadad, son of Hadadezer king 844/842 2 Kings 6:24
9 Hazael king 844/842–c. 800 1 Kings 19:15
10 Ben-hadad, king early eighth century 2 Kings 13:3
11 Rezin king mid-eighth century to 732 2 Kings 15:37

Northern Kingdom of Israel

12 Omri king 884–873 1 Kings 16:16
13 Ahab king 873–852 1 Kings 16:28
14 Jehu king 842/841–815/814 1 Kings 19:16
15 Joash ( = Jehoash) king 805–790 2 Kings 13:9
16 Jeroboam II king 790–750/749 2 Kings 13:13
17 Menahem king 749–738 2 Kings 15:14
18 Pekah king 750(?)–732/731 2 Kings 15:25
19 Hoshea king 732/731–722 2 Kings 15:30
20 Sanballat “I” governor of Samaria under Persian rule c. mid-fifth century Nehemiah 2:10

Southern Kingdom of Judah

21 David king c. 1010–970 1 Samuel 16:13
22 Uzziah ( = Azariah) king 788/787–736/735 2 Kings 14:21
23 Ahaz ( = Jehoahaz) king 742/741–726 2 Kings 15:38
24 Hezekiah king 726–697/696 2 Kings 16:20
25 Manasseh king 697/696–642/641 2 Kings 20:21
26 Hilkiah high priest during Josiah’s reign 640/639–609 2 Kings 22:4
27 Shaphan scribe during Josiah’s reign 640/639–609 2 Kings 22:3
28 Azariah high priest during Josiah’s reign 640/639–609 1 Chronicles 5:39
29 Gemariah official during Jehoiakim’s reign 609–598 Jeremiah 36:10
30 Jehoiachin ( = Jeconiah = Coniah) king 598–597 2 Kings 24:6
31 Shelemiah father of Jehucal the royal official late seventh century Jeremiah 37:3
32 Jehucal ( = Jucal) official during Zedekiah’s reign 597–586 Jeremiah 37:3
33 Pashhur father of Gedaliah the royal official late seventh century Jeremiah 38:1
34 Gedaliah official during Zedekiah’s reign 597–586 Jeremiah 38:1

Assyria

35 Tiglath-pileser III ( = Pul) king 744–727 2 Kings 15:19
36 Shalmaneser V king 726–722 2 Kings 17:3
37 Sargon II king 721–705 Isaiah 20:1
38 Sennacherib king 704–681 2 Kings 18:13
39 Adrammelech ( = Ardamullissu = Arad-mullissu) son and assassin of Sennacherib early seventh century 2 Kings 19:37
40 Esarhaddon king 680–6692 Kings 19:37

Babylonia

41 Merodach-baladan II king 721–710 and 703 2 Kings 20:12
42 Nebuchadnezzar II king 604–562 2 Kings 24:1
43 Nebo-sarsekim official of Nebuchadnezzar II early sixth century
Jeremiah 39:3
44 Evil-merodach ( = Awel Marduk = Amel Marduk) king 561–560 2 Kings 25:27
45 Belshazzar son and co-regent of Nabonidus 543?–540 Daniel 5:1

Persia

46 Cyrus II ( = Cyrus the Great) king 559–530 2 Chronicles 36:22
47 Darius I ( = Darius the Great) king 520–486 Ezra 4:5
48 Xerxes I ( = Ahasuerus) king 486–465 Esther 1:1
49 Artaxerxes I Longimanus king 465-425/424 Ezra 4:7
50 Darius II Nothus king 425/424-405/404 Nehemiah 12:22

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